Which of the following is considered a well-protected form of speech? Political speech. … The Citizens United decision expanded the Supreme Court’s protection of free speech to cover political speech by corporations, including campaign advertising.
Which of the following is a protected form of speech?
The Court generally identifies these categories as obscenity, defamation, fraud, incitement, fighting words, true threats, speech integral to criminal conduct, and child pornography. The contours of these categories have changed over time, with many having been significantly narrowed by the Court.
What is considered protected speech?
All speech is considered constitutionally protected unless it falls within several limited exceptions. … They are for the most part: incitement, obscenity, fighting words and offensive speech, and threats. Further, the Court has upheld laws that reasonably restrict speech on the basis of its time, place and manner.
What is the most protected freedom of speech?
Although it has not been put in a separate category, political speech has received the greatest protection. The Court has stated that the ability to criticize the government and government officials is central to the meaning of the First Amendment.
What does the 1st Amendment say?
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
What does the 1st Amendment not protect?
Categories of speech that are given lesser or no protection by the First Amendment (and therefore may be restricted) include obscenity, fraud, child pornography, speech integral to illegal conduct, speech that incites imminent lawless action, speech that violates intellectual property law, true threats, and commercial …
Does freedom of speech mean you can say anything?
The 1st Amendment to the United States Constitution has been interpreted to mean that you are free to say whatever you want and you are even free to not say anything at all.
What are some examples of unprotected speech?
Although different scholars view unprotected speech in different ways, there are basically nine categories:
- Fighting words.
- Defamation (including libel and slander)
- Child pornography.
- Incitement to imminent lawless action.
- True threats.
What is not considered protected speech?
“Not all speech is protected. There are limits to free speech.” … The Supreme Court has called the few exceptions to the 1st Amendment “well-defined and narrowly limited.” They include obscenity, defamation, fraud, incitement, true threats and speech integral to already criminal conduct.
What is symbolic speech examples?
Symbolic speech consists of nonverbal, nonwritten forms of communication, such as flag burning, wearing arm bands, and burning of draft cards. It is generally protected by the First Amendment unless it causes a specific, direct threat to another individual or public order.
What is inciteful speech?
The Brandenburg test was established in Brandenburg v. Ohio, 395 US 444 (1969), to determine when inflammatory speech intending to advocate illegal action can be restricted. … The speech is “directed to inciting or producing imminent lawless action,” AND. The speech is “likely to incite or produce such action.”