Frequent question: What are the five protected classes under Title VII?

Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.

What are the 7 protected classes?

At the federal level, there are seven classes: race, color, religion, sex, national origin, familial status, and handicap (referred to as disability in California).

What are the five original protected classes?

The seventh amendment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, outlines five major protected classes: race, color, religion, sex and national origin. There are now also protections for physical or mental disability, reprisal and, most recently added, sexual orientation.

What is protected under Title VII?

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, as amended, protects employees and job applicants from employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.

What groups are protected classes?

Protected Class: The groups protected from the employment discrimination by law. These groups include men and women on the basis of sex; any group which shares a common race, religion, color, or national origin; people over 40; and people with physical or mental handicaps.

What are the 11 legally protected classes?

Federal protected classes include:

  • Race.
  • Color.
  • Religion or creed.
  • National origin or ancestry.
  • Sex (including gender, pregnancy, sexual orientation, and gender identity).
  • Age.
  • Physical or mental disability.
  • Veteran status.
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What are the 12 protected characteristics?

Protected characteristics

These are age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex, and sexual orientation.

What can you not discriminate against?

Under the laws enforced by EEOC, it is illegal to discriminate against someone (applicant or employee) because of that person’s race, color, religion, sex (including gender identity, sexual orientation, and pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.

What classes are not protected under federal law?

Under federal law, employers cannot discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, or disability.

Who is not covered by Title VII?

Employees, job applicants, former employees and applicants or training participants may be afforded the protection under Title VII. Independent contractors are not protected under Title VII. Despite Title VII’s passage half a century ago, ​ race and gender discrimination ​ is still pervasive in the restaurant industry.

Who is exempt from Title VII?

Under Title VII, an employer is entitled to the religious exemption if it can show it is a ”religious corporation, association, educational institution, or society. ” What that means, however, is somewhat uncertain. On one hand, traditional religious organizations—churches, for example—are certainly exempt.

Which companies are covered by Title VII?

Title VII applies to employers in both the private and public sectors that have 15 or more employees. It also applies to the federal government, employment agencies, and labor organizations. Title VII is enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

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