Frequent question: Who qualifies as a protected person?

A protected person is a minor or incapacitated person for whom a court has appointed a conservator. It can also be any person for whom a protective order has been made. In International law, a protected person is one who is in the hands of an occupying force during a conflict.

Who is a protected civilian?

The basic definition of protected persons under the fourth Geneva Convention is the following: “Protected persons” are civilians who find themselves in the hands of a party to the conflict of which they are not nationals.

Who is protected under the Geneva Convention?

International humanitarian law protects a wide range of people and objects during armed conflict. The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols protect sick, wounded and shipwrecked persons not taking part in hostilities, prisoners of war and other detainees, civilians and civilian objects.

What are my rights as a protected person in Canada?

As a permanent resident, you have the right to: live, work, and study anywhere in Canada. get most social benefits that Canadian citizens receive, such as healthcare and employment insurance. be protected by Canadian law.

Which is not protected by Geneva Convention?

An unlawful combatant, illegal combatant or unprivileged combatant/belligerent is, according to United States law, a person who directly engages in armed conflict in violation of the laws of war and therefore is claimed to not be protected by the Geneva Conventions.

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Who protects IHL?

International humanitarian law protects a wide range of people and objects during armed conflict. The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols protect the sick, wounded and shipwrecked not taking part in hostilities, prisoners of war and other detained persons, as well as civilians and civilian objects.

How can we protect peace from protecting civilians?

For UN peace operations, protection of civilians includes the use of force to protect civilians under imminent threat as well as other activities such as contributing to creating the security conditions conducive to the delivery of humanitarian assistance; taking measures to ensure security in and around IDPs camps; …

What are the IHL violation?

Violations are serious, and are war crimes, if they endanger protected persons (e.g. civilians, prisoners of war, the wounded and sick) or objects (e.g. civilian objects or infrastructure) or if they breach important values. The majority of war crimes involve death, injury, destruction or unlawful taking of property.

What are the 5 laws of war?

AND THEIR TARGETING IMPLICATIONS

The law of war rests on five fundamental principles that are inherent to all targeting decisions: military necessity, unnecessary suffering, proportionality, distinction (discrimination), and honor (chivalry).

How do you get a protected person status?

A person who has reason to fear persecution in his or her country of origin due to race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion can be designated as a protected person by the Immigration and Refugee Board and Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

Can I travel as a protected person?

If you are a protected person or stateless person in Canada, but not yet a Canadian citizen, you may still be able to travel with documents issued by Passport Canada. However, these documents do not allow you to travel to your country of citizenship.

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Can protected persons be refused permanent resident?

An application for permanent residence by an inadmissible person will be refused in this case. Refusal of the application does not affect the determination regarding the need for protection, and any applicant who is a protected person may remain in Canada.