Passive fire protection breaks the building into “compartments” and prevents the spread of fire through the use of fire-resistance rated walls and floors. It utilizes fire doors to help further compartmentalize the structure and dampers to prevent the spread of fire and smoke throughout the ducts of the building.
What is the purpose of passive fire protection?
Passive Fire Protection is built into the structure to provide stability and into walls and floors to separate the building into areas of manageable risk – compartments. These areas are designed to restrict the growth and spread of fire allowing occupants to escape and offering protection for firefighters.
What is the difference between an active and a passive fire protection system?
In basic terms, Active fire protection is about detecting, stopping and escaping fire. Whereas passive fire protection means containing the fire and preventing it from spreading further.
What is an example of active fire protection?
Active fire protection systems include hoses, water spray, deluge, sprinklers, firewater monitors, and steam rings around flanges. In most cases the principal firefighting medium is water. However, other agents such as carbon dioxide can also be used.
What is the best defense against fire?
As always, the best defense against a fire is to be prepared. Take a moment to look at your fire extinguisher.
What is an example of a way to avoid fire risks in the first place?
Make sure all of your fire protection equipment (ie fire extinguishers, control panels, etc.) are easily accessible. Also don’t block the fire sprinklers or fire alarms with anything, such as dust, debris or paint.
What is the difference between fire protection and fire suppression?
Fire protection reduces damage and helps to safely evacuate a building. Fire suppression systems are intended to extinguish the flames.
What are the 5 stages of fire safety risk assessment?
Fire risk assessments
- Identify the fire hazards.
- Identify people at risk.
- Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks.
- Record your findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training.
- Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly.
What are the components of passive fire protection systems?
Passive Fire Protection (PFP) is an integral component of the three components of structural, fire protection and fire safety in a building. PFP attempts to contain fires or slow down the spread through use of fire–resistant walls, floors and fire rated doors.