Food security is essentially built on four pillars: availability, access, utilization and stability.
What are the 4 pillars of food security?
Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. The four pillars of food security are availability, access, utilization and stability.
What is the most important reason for food security?
Access to quality, nutritious food is fundamental to human existence. Secure access to food can produce wide ranging positive impacts, including: Economic growth and job creation. Poverty reduction.
What are the three causes of food insecurity?
Part of what makes food insecurity so difficult to solve is that the underlying causes — poverty, unemployment/under-employment, and inconsistent access to enough healthy food — are often deeply interconnected.
What is the difference between food security and food insecurity?
Food security is categorized as either high (no issues) or marginal (typically some shortage of food with associated anxiety about sufficient food supply). Food insecurity, at the lower end of scale, ranges from low to very low food security.