What are the protective mechanisms of the lungs?

Cilia, tiny muscular, hair-like projections on the cells that line the airway, are one of the respiratory system’s defense mechanisms. Cilia propel a liquid layer of mucus that covers the airways.

What forms a protective case around your lungs?

The top and sides of the thorax are formed by the ribs and attached muscles, and the bottom is formed by a large muscle called the diaphragm (DYE-uh-fram). The chest walls form a protective cage around the lungs and other contents of the chest cavity.

What are the mechanisms of lungs?

When you breathe in, or inhale, your diaphragm contracts and moves downward. This increases the space in your chest cavity, and your lungs expand into it. The muscles between your ribs also help enlarge the chest cavity. They contract to pull your rib cage both upward and outward when you inhale.

How do the lungs protect themselves?

Mucus (a thick liquid) is produced in the walls of the small airways to help keep your lungs clean and well lubricated. It is moved by tiny hairs called cilia that line your airways. They move back and forth sweeping a thin layer of mucus out of your lungs and into your throat. Unwanted materials stick to the mucus.

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What is the main function of lungs in a human body?

Lung Health & Diseases

Your lungs are part of the respiratory system, a group of organs and tissues that work together to help you breathe. The respiratory system’s main job is to move fresh air into your body while removing waste gases.

What is the function of expiration?

Expiration, also called exhalation, is the flow of the respiratory current out of the organism. The purpose of exhalation is to remove metabolic waste, primarily carbon dioxide from the body from gas exchange.

What is the main function of mucus?

The major function of mucus is to protect the lung through mucociliary clearance against foreign particles and chemicals entering the lung.

Is banana good for lungs?

Potassium can help reduce water retention, regulate blood pressure and improve digestion, so it’s important to have a healthy level of it to maintain good lung function. The most common source of potassium is bananas, but it’s also found in other produce items.

How can I protect my lungs from infection?

Here are some ways to keep your lungs healthy.

  1. Don’t Smoke. …
  2. Avoid Exposure to Indoor Pollutants That Can Damage Your Lungs. …
  3. Minimize Exposure to Outdoor Air Pollution. …
  4. Prevent Infection. …
  5. Get Regular Check-ups. …
  6. Exercise.