When deciding equal protection cases, courts often apply standards known as the rational basis and strict scrutiny tests.
Which of the following is the most frequently used standard test in equal protection cases?
EXAM NOTE: The right to travel and the right to vote are the most frequently tested fundamental rights in the area of equal protection.
What is the intermediate scrutiny test?
Intermediate scrutiny is a test courts will use to determine a statute’s constitutionality. … To pass intermediate scrutiny, the challenged law must: further an important government interest. and must do so by means that are substantially related to that interest.
What is the 14th Amendment in simple terms?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …
What is the difference between due process and equal protection?
Substantive due process protects criminal defendants from unreasonable government intrusion on their substantive constitutional rights. … The equal protection clause prevents the state government from enacting criminal laws that arbitrarily discriminate.
What are the 3 levels of scrutiny?
Then the choice between the three levels of scrutiny, strict scrutiny, intermediate scrutiny, or rational basis scrutiny, is the doctrinal way of capturing the individual interest and perniciousness of the kind of government action.
What is an example of equal protection?
For example, a state may not prohibit inter-racial marriages, or deny child custody to a couple because they are of different races. Also, as mentioned above, any laws requiring segregation of the races will be held unconstitutional.
What standards are applied in equal protection cases?
Let us start by examining the three levels of review applied in Equal Protection and Due Process cases: (1) Rational Basis Review; (2) Intermediate Scrutiny; (3) Strict Scrutiny.
What are the three levels of review that the Supreme Court uses to determine whether the Equal Protection Clause has been violated?
Equal Protection Analysis
After proving this, the court will typically scrutinize the governmental action in one of several three ways to determine whether the governmental body’s action is permissible: these three methods are referred to as strict scrutiny, intermediate scrutiny, and rational basis scrutiny.