Two agencies under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) are primarily responsible for port security: the U.S. Coast Guard for offshore and waterside security, and the U.S. Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) for landside security.
Who is responsible for port security?
The Coast Guard and CBP are the two federal agencies with the strongest presence at seaports. Coast Guard. The Coast Guard is the nation’s principal maritime law enforcement authority and the lead federal agency for the maritime component of homeland security, including port security.
Who owns Containerports?
A port operator is port authority or company that contracts with the port authority to move cargo through a port at a contracted minimum level of productivity. They may be state-owned (particularly for port authorities) or privately run.
Which open ports pose a security risk?
Commonly Abused Ports
- Port 20,21 – FTP. An outdated and insecure protocol, which utilize no encryption for both data transfer and authentication.
- Port 22 – SSH. …
- Port 23 – Telnet. …
- Port 25 – SMTP. …
- Port 53 – DNS. …
- Port 139 – NetBIOS. …
- Ports 80,443 – Used by HTTP and HTTPS. …
- Port 445 – SMB.
What is port safety?
It includes the protection of the seaports themselves and the protection and inspection of the cargo moving through the ports. Security risks related to ports often focus on either the physical security of the port, or security risks within the maritime supply chain.
How do I enable port security?
You can make your L3 switch port to an access interface by using the “switchport” command. 2) Then you need to enable port security by using the “switchport port-security” command. This can also be applied in a range of the interfaces on a switch or individual interfaces.
How are ports protected?
The protected ports feature is a safety measure that prevents ports from forwarding traffic to each other, even if they are on the same VLAN. Each port is designated as either protected or unprotected. By default, all ports are unprotected.
What is a port facility security officer?
Person designated as responsible for the development, implementation, revision, and maintenance of the port facility security plan and for liason with the port authorities and Ship Security Officers and Company Security Officer.
What are the five threats to maritime security?
(1) Piracy and armed robbery, (2) terrorist acts, (3) the illicit trafficking in arms and weapons of mass destruction, (4) the illicit trafficking in narcotics, (5) smuggling and trafficking of persons by sea, (6) illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and (7) intentional and unlawful damage to the marine …
Why are ports are very important to a ship?
In layman’s language, a port is a place to facilitate loading as well as unloading of vessels. … Ports can also be of military importance, as they are used to keep the warships before moving out to the battle scene. Ports are also a major source of employment as a large number of workers are employed at the ports.
What is transportation and port security?
The scope of port security, therefore, extends beyond the physical facilities of the port to include the other ports, shippers, intermodal transportation carriers, insurers, etc., moving cargo and passengers through an interdependent trade network.