Equal protection forces a state to govern impartially—not draw distinctions between individuals solely on differences that are irrelevant to a legitimate governmental objective. Thus, the equal protection clause is crucial to the protection of civil rights.
What does the equal protection clause protect?
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Why is the equal protection clause important quizlet?
It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons. Explain why neither state governments nor the national government can deprive people of equal protection of the laws. The Fourteenth Amendment applies it to the state.
What is the importance of the equal protection clause in regards to civil rights in the United States?
In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment contains the equal protection clause. This mandates that no state shall… “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This clause has proved to be central in ending and preventing government discrimination based on race and gender.
What is the equal protection clause What three tests are associated with discrimination in law?
The tests associated with legal discrimination are the reasonable-basis test and the strict-scrutiny test.
What does the Equal Protection Clause mean quizlet?
Equal protection clause. Definition: A clause of the fourteenth amendment that forbids any state to deny equal protection of the laws to any individual within its jurisdiction. Sentence: The equal protection clause has protected such groups as African americans and women from disrimination by state and local …
What does equal protection under the law mean quizlet?
Equal Protection Clause. enforces the idea that the laws of a state, or of the nation, must treat any given individual in the same way as it would treat other individuals who are in similar conditions and circumstance. You just studied 19 terms!
What was one reason why the Equal Rights Amendment failed?
What was one reason why the equal rights amendment failed? Fewer women wanted to enter the workforce by the 1970s. Only seven states ratified the amendment in the allotted time. Many people feared potential unintended effects of the amendment because it was vaguely worded.
What was the 14th Amendment purpose?
Passed by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and ratified two years later, on July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all persons “born or naturalized in the United States,” including formerly enslaved people, and provided all citizens with “equal protection under the laws,” extending the provisions of …