Why was the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code introduced?

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) states that “The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) is a comprehensive set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities, developed in response to the perceived threats to ships and port facilities in the wake of the 9/11 …

Why was the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code ISPS Code introduced?

The ISPS Code is a set of measures to enhance the security of ships and port facilities. It was developed in response of the perceived threats to ships and port facilities after the 9/11 attacks.

What purpose does the International Ship and Port Facility security serve?

Having come into force in 2004, it prescribes responsibilities to governments, shipping companies, shipboard personnel, and port/facility personnel to “detect security threats and take preventative measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade.

What is the purpose of the ISPS Code )?

What is the ISPS Code? The ISPS Code provides a framework through which ships and port facilities can co-operate to detect and deter acts which pose a threat to maritime security. The Code: enables the detection and deterrence of security threats within an international framework.

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Who is responsible for setting security levels?

The security levels are decided by the cooperation of ship and port authorities, keeping the current condition of national and international security. The local government sets the security level and ensures to inform port state and ships prior to entering the port, or when berthed in the port.

What event that triggers the development of ISPS Code?

Although many incidents had been occurred before, the 9/11 attack in United States triggered the development of ISPS Code. The Code was adopted on 12 December 2002 and came into force on 1 July 2004; it is applicable to all vessels over 500 GRT operating on international trades, as well as the ports that service them.

What is Chapter XI 2 Solas 74 amended?

* The complete name of this Code is the International Code for the Security of Ships and of Port Facilities. The abbreviated name of this Code, as referred to in regulation XI-2/1 of SOLAS 74 as amended, is the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code or, in short, the ISPS Code.

What are the 3 levels of ISPS?

The three levels of ISPS security are:

  • ISPS Security Level 1 – normal – this is the level at which the ships and port facilities operate under normal conditions. …
  • Security Level 2 – heightened – this is a level that will apply whenever there is a heightened risk of a security incident.

What is port safety?

It includes the protection of the seaports themselves and the protection and inspection of the cargo moving through the ports. Security risks related to ports often focus on either the physical security of the port, or security risks within the maritime supply chain.

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What certificate is issued to port under ISPS Code?

The certificate issued to a ship under the ISPS code is a ” International Ship Security Certificate (ISSC) or Interim International Ship Security Certificate”.

What is proficiency in security awareness?

Proficiency in Security Awareness is a course offering new and experienced crew members the basic information required to carry out security duties onboard and help you to have a heightened security awareness. … take part in security-related emergency and contingency procedures.