Machine guards are your first line of defense against injuries caused by machine operation. Each machine must have adequate safeguards to protect operators and other employees in the immediate work area from hazards created by ingoing nip points, rotating parts, sparks and flying debris.
What is the purpose of machine guarding?
Machine guarding is a safety feature on or around manufacturing or other engineering equipment consisting of a shield or device covering hazardous areas of a machine to prevent contact with body parts or to control hazards like chips or sparks from exiting the machine.
When should a guard be used on a machine?
They’re most often used to enclose the point of operation, or other hazards that the operator doesn’t need to interact with, like fan blades or flywheels. Because fixed guards are permanent features of the machine, they must be disassembled and removed to perform any kind of adjustment or maintenance.
What is the basic principle of machine guarding?
Any machine part, function, or process which may cause injury must be safeguarded. Where the operation of a machine or accidental contact with it can injure the operator or others in the vicinity, the hazards must either be eliminated or controlled.
Who is responsible for machine guarding?
Therefore, the machine “designers” have compliance responsibility. But, in the U.S., OSHA clearly states that its regulations targets manufacturers, which we say are the end users (of machinery). OSHA states that every employer must have a safe work place.
What are the minimum requirements for protection and guards?
Guards must meet these minimum general requirements:
- Prevent contact. The guard must prevent hands, arms, and any other part of a operator’s body from making contact with dangerous moving parts.
- Secure. …
- Protect from falling objects. …
- Create no new hazards. …
- Create no interference. …
- Allow safe lubrication.
Do guards prevent accidents on power machines?
Moving machine parts have the potential to cause severe workplace injuries, such as crushed fingers or hands, amputations, burns or blindness. … Safeguards are essential for protecting workers from these preventable injuries.
What machine parts always require guards?
The following are some examples of machines requiring point of operation guarding:
- Guillotine cutters.
- Alligator shears.
- Power presses.
- Milling machines.
- Power saws.
- Portable power tools.
What is the machine safety?
Safeguards are essential to protect workers from injury. Any machine part, function, or process that might cause injury should be safeguarded. When the operation of a machine may result in a contact injury to the operator or others in the area, the hazard should be removed or controlled.
What are the 3 steps used to manage health and safety at work?
There are three steps used to manage health and safety at work.
- Spot the Hazard (Hazard Identification)
- Assess the Risk (Risk Assessment)
- Make the Changes (Risk Control)
What are examples of guarding?
Examples of guarding methods are-barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety devices, etc. General requirements for machine guards. Guards shall be affixed to the machine where possible and secured elsewhere if for any reason attachment to the machine is not possible.