The shield law, which varies in the 39 states and the District of Columbia that have a version of it, protects journalists from subpoenas forcing them to testify, hand over their notebooks or identify their confidential sources.
Are bloggers protected by shield laws?
A California state court recently decided that a blogger was entitled to invoke that state’s shield law and protect the identity of his sources. The ruling means that People for The Ethical Treatment of Animals can’t find out who supplied damaging information about the organization.
Are bloggers reporters?
And at most times, bloggers and journalists are deemed to be one and the same. … A blogger is simply the person who blogs. A journalist, on the other hand, comes up with information about the world around them and they publish their work by means of mass media. Both of which, gather and present information to the public.
What rights do bloggers have under the First Amendment?
Bloggers First Amendment Rights Confirmed
Here’s the key takeaway: bloggers are entitled to be treated under the same standards of free speech as someone called a “journalist.” The Federal District Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit wrote (court decision here): … But in so doing, the court just creates more issues.
Do journalists have immunity?
Hayes (1972), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled (5–4) that, although the First Amendment protects the professional activities of journalists, it does not grant them immunity from grand jury subpoenas seeking information relevant to a criminal or civil investigation.
Is it illegal to own a shield?
States can enact shield laws ‘within First Amendment limits’
The high court made clear that the state legislatures, like the state courts, were free, “within First Amendment limits, to fashion their own standards” regarding a reporter’s privilege. … In California, the shield law is included in the state constitution.
Do all 50 states have shield laws?
Currently the U.S. federal government has not enacted any national shield laws, but most of the 50 states do have shield laws or other protections for reporters in place.
Why can we not automatically considered bloggers as journalists?
People can challenge their opinions and point out possible errors. But no one can and should control bloggers, they are free to write and post what they want. Some may say a “blog” or “weblog” by nature is a “journal” and thus should be placed under journalism; this is just a play on semantics.
How are bloggers different than journalists?
The major difference between the two is that journalism is just facts, while blogs contain the opinion of the writer. Some bloggers admit that they have to wait for traditional media, or journalists, to post the story because they do not have access to the information before it is public.
Are blogs considered news?
Your News section is generally going to be more official, and your blog should have a more personal tone. While it is often expected to announce the author of a blog post, that isn’t necessary for a News post. Additionally, while blogging should always allow discussion through comments, a News section usually doesn’t.
Are bloggers entitled to free speech?
Bloggers are entitled to free speech.
We’re working to shield you from frivolous or abusive threats and lawsuits. Internet bullies shouldn’t use copyright libel or other claims to chill your legitimate speech.
Is a blog considered press?
Reporters are resourceful; bloggers are knowledgeable.” According to PR-Squared, bloggers are media, they just have a different agenda. Bloggers do not have a publisher to report to like journalists, and they tend to be more passionate about what they write about.
Can a journalist reveal their source?
JOURNALISTS must protect their confidential sources if the Press is to safeguard the interests of society. … Even so, courts do attempt to force journalists to reveal their sources. In one such case, trainee journalist Bill Goodwin of the Engineer magazine took a landmark case to the European Court of Human Rights.
Why do journalists protect their sources?
Journalists rely on source protection to gather and reveal information in the public interest from confidential sources. Such sources may require anonymity to protect them from physical, economic or professional reprisals in response to their revelations.
Can journalists be subpoenaed?
But 48 states and the District of Columbia have shield laws or court-recognized reporters privileges, and the Department of Justice imposes restrictions on federal agents and prosecutors who wish to subpoena journalists.