Security misconfiguration can happen at any level of an application stack, including the network services, platform, web server, application server, database, frameworks, custom code, and pre-installed virtual machines, containers, or storage.
How does security misconfiguration occur?
Misconfiguration normally happens when a system or database administrator or developer does not properly configure the security framework of an application, website, desktop, or server leading to dangerous open pathways for hackers.
Which one of the issue can be considered as security misconfiguration?
Security Misconfiguration is simply defined as failing to implement all the security controls for a server or web application, or implementing the security controls, but doing so with errors. … According to the OWASP top 10, this type of misconfiguration is number 6 on the list of critical web application security risks.
What is misconfiguration in cyber security?
Definition(s): An incorrect or subobtimal configuration of an information system or system component that may lead to vulnerabilities. An incorrect or suboptimal configuration of an information system or system component that may lead to vulnerabilities.
What causes XSS attacks?
XSS attacks occur when an attacker uses a web application to send malicious code, generally in the form of a browser side script, to a different end user. … The end user’s browser has no way to know that the script should not be trusted, and will execute the script.
What are misconfiguration attacks?
Server misconfiguration attacks exploit configuration weaknesses found in web and application servers. Many servers come with unnecessary default and sample files, including applications, configuration files, scripts, and webpages.
How do you solve Misconfiguration?
How to Prevent Security Misconfiguration
- Disable administration interfaces.
- Disable debugging.
- Disable use of default accounts/passwords.
- Configure server to prevent unauthorized access, directory listing, etc.
What attacks are possible using XSS?
Typical XSS attacks include session stealing, account takeover, MFA bypass, DOM node replacement or defacement (such as trojan login panels), attacks against the user’s browser such as malicious software downloads, key logging, and other client-side attacks.
What is a WAF rule?
A ”’web application firewall (WAF)”’ is an application firewall for HTTP applications. It applies a set of rules to an HTTP conversation. Generally, these rules cover common attacks such as Cross-site Scripting (XSS) and SQL Injection. … A WAF can be considered a reverse proxy.
What are the solution for injection attacks?
The only sure way to prevent SQL Injection attacks is input validation and parametrized queries including prepared statements. The application code should never use the input directly. The developer must sanitize all input, not only web form inputs such as login forms.
What are the popular threat modeling techniques?
There are six main methodologies you can use while threat modeling—STRIDE, PASTA, CVSS, attack trees, Security Cards, and hTMM. Each of these methodologies provides a different way to assess the threats facing your IT assets.