The Civil Rights Act prohibited discrimination based on race, color, national origin, or religion in most privately-owned businesses serving the public. It also promoted equal opportunity in employment on the basis of race, religion, and sex.
How did the Civil Rights Act provide equal protection for people?
Provisions of this civil rights act forbade discrimination on the basis of sex, as well as, race in hiring, promoting, and firing. The Act prohibited discrimination in public accommodations and federally funded programs. It also strengthened the enforcement of voting rights and the desegregation of schools.
How did the civil rights movement expand rights?
Civil Rights protests expanded in the 1960s to include sit-ins and the famous March on Washington in 1963. The Black Power Movement pushed the wider action to include racial dignity, economic and political self-sufficiency, and freedom from oppression by white Americans.
How did the civil rights movement impact civil rights?
Through nonviolent protest, the civil rights movement of the 1950s and ’60s broke the pattern of public facilities’ being segregated by “race” in the South and achieved the most important breakthrough in equal-rights legislation for African Americans since the Reconstruction period (1865–77).
What are the 3 levels of scrutiny?
There are three judicial review tests: the rational basis test, the intermediate scrutiny test, and the strict scrutiny test. The intermediate scrutiny test and the strict scrutiny test are considered more stringent than the rational basis test.
Is there an Equal Protection Clause in the 5th Amendment?
Although both the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments have Due Process Clauses (the Fifth Amendment Due Process Clause constraining the authority of the federal government and the identical Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment constraining only state governments), there is only one Equal Protection Clause, and it …
Did the civil rights movement succeed?
The Civil Rights Movement succeeded in ending segregation. … Board of Education ended segregation in schools and set a precedent for making segregation illegal. This opened up public services for African Americans and made it illegal for businesses to discriminate against people based on their race.
What were the goals of the civil rights movement?
The Civil Rights Movement was an era dedicated to activism for equal rights and treatment of African Americans in the United States. During this period, people rallied for social, legal, political and cultural changes to prohibit discrimination and end segregation.
What challenges did the civil rights movement face?
Community activists and civil rights leaders targeted racially discriminatory housing practices, segregated transportation, and legal requirements that African Americans and whites be educated separately. While many of these challenges were successful, life did not necessarily improve for African Americans.