The shield law is often successfully used by journalists who do not wish to reveal their sources as part of a libel case (arises when one makes a false statement about another person or entity that causes harm to that person’s or entity’s reputation). The shield is intended to be absolute in such matters.
What protections do shield laws give reporters?
Shield law, in the United States, any law that protects journalists against the compelled disclosure of confidential information, including the identities of their sources, or the forced surrender of unpublished written material collected during news gathering, such as notes.
What do shield laws protect quizlet?
Shield laws protect journalists’ right to refuse to testify against their sources while gathering information in their role as journalists.
What protections do reporters have?
The First Amendment protects both the freedom of speech and the freedom of the press. Journalists have a right to access public places to gather and disseminate news. Public places include sidewalks and public parks, but not private property.
Do shield laws protect reporters from disclosing their sources?
There is no federal shield law and state shield laws vary in scope. In general however, a shield law aims to provide the protection of: “a reporter cannot be forced to reveal his or her source“.
What is a shield law for journalists?
Shield laws allow journalists to maintain the confidentiality of information that would disclose the identity of a confidential source. … Sources, including whistleblowers, are less likely to supply the media with information if they believe that journalists will be unable to maintain their anonymity.
What states have no shield laws?
First reported case since law was revised in 1998. Mississippi has no shield law, but does recognize a qualified privilege. There are no reported state cases dealing with reporters’ privilege and confidential sources, so the extent to which Mississippi recognizes the privilege is not clear. Eason v.
What are shield laws designed for?
Shield laws are statutes that provide journalists either an absolute or qualified privilege to refuse to disclose sources used or information obtained in the course of news gathering.
How many states have shield laws to protect reporters from having to reveal their sources quizlet?
-Today, 39 states and the District of Columbia have shield laws.
Why are shield laws important to the freedom of the press quizlet?
Why are shield laws important for the press? The shield laws help protect the reporter from having to reveal the source of their information.
Is it illegal to own a shield?
The reporter’s shield law contained in the California Constitution prohibits a publisher, editor, reporter, or other person connected with or employed by a newspaper, magazine, or other periodical publication, or by a press association or wire service, from being held in contempt for refusing to disclose the source of …
What states offer no protection reporters?
Vermont is one of thirteen states that currently lack legal protections for journalists to refuse to give up information, notes, or recordings. The bill would give journalists the legal right to withhold confidential information and protect confidential sources.
What are the rights of a journalist?
Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Journalists
- To respect truth whatever be the consequence to himself, because of the right of the public to know the truth ;
- To defend freedom of information, comment and criticism;