Public outcry over dirty rivers spurred Congress to pass the landmark Clean Water Act in 1972. The historic law was designed to protect all of our waters – from the smallest streams to the mightiest rivers – from pollution and destruction.
Who does the Clean Water Act protect?
In 1972, Congress passed the Clean Water Act to protect all “waters of the United States.” For 30 years, both the courts and the agencies responsible for administering the Act interpreted it to broadly protect our Nation’s waters.
What is the Clean Water Act designed for?
The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters.
When was the Clean Water Act passed and what does it do?
Growing public awareness and concern for controlling water pollution led to sweeping amendments in 1972. As amended in 1972, the law became commonly known as the Clean Water Act (CWA). The 1972 amendments: Established the basic structure for regulating pollutant discharges into the waters of the United States.
What does the Clean Water Act not protect?
The following aquatic areas are generally not protected by the Clean Water Act: Wet areas that are not tributaries or open waters and do not meet the agencies’ regulatory definition of “wetlands” Waters excluded from coverage under the CWA by existing regulations.
How important is the Clean Water Act?
The Clean Water Act has protected our health for more than 40 years — and helped our nation clean up hundreds of thousands of miles of polluted waterways. But Supreme Court decisions in 2001 and 2006 threw protections into question for 60 percent of our nation’s streams and millions of acres of wetlands.
Is the Clean Water Act successful?
The Clean Water Act has been successful at reducing pollution that enters our rivers and lakes from ‘point sources. ‘ These are single, identifiable sources of pollution like wastewater treatment plants and factories. However, ‘nonpoint source’ pollution is still a significant problem for clean water.
What are the three main goals of the Clean Water Act?
The CWA aims to prevent, reduce, and eliminate pollution in the nation’s water in order to “restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters“, as described in CWA section 101(a).
Was the Clean Air Act of 1970 successful?
The Clean Air Act has proven a remarkable success. In its first 20 years, more than 200,000 premature deaths and 18 million cases of respiratory illness in children were prevented.
How old is the Clean Water Act today?
Its implementing regulations are codified at 40 C.F.R. Subchapters D, N, and O (Parts 100-140, 401-471, and 501-503). Technically, the name of the law is the Federal Water Pollution Control Act.
Clean Water Act.
|Effective||October 18, 1972|
|Statutes at Large||86 Stat. 816|